Diabetes is a condition in which levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood are higher than normal, also called hyperglycemia. It is caused when the pancreas does not produce the insulin needed (Type 1) or when your body does not use insulin properly (Type 2).
Your body converts sugar, starches and other foods into energy with the specific hormone, insulin. People with diabetes usually display insulin resistance. This may mean the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin to keep the glucose in your blood at a normal level.
Type 1 diabetes, previously known as juvenile diabetes, is usually diagnosed in children and young adults. However, only 5% of people affected by diabetes have this form. With treatments such as insulin therapy, diabetes can be managed to lead a normal, healthy life even in very young children.
Symptoms of diabetes in children can include increased hunger, thirst and urination, weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, and irritability. If your child has these or other symptoms of diabetes, please call your primary care physician to determine if you need a consultation with us.